Foot & Ankle: Musculoskeletal Medicine
There is a great profusion of medical information available for free on the Internet, and a lot of it is good. Yet even good information may not be completely useful to the reader who may not know if it is trustworthy. By contrast, there is also a lot of information of medical information available for sale that is produced by well known authors and organizations, though not always for free.
Musculoskeletal Medicine aims to be both free and authoritative.
To ensure medical accuracy each chapter was reviewed by an orthopaedic foot and ankle expert who was not involved in the creation of the material. These reviewers were asked to read the chapter with one overriding goal in mind: to detect errors. We are grateful to our chapter editors, listed below:
Christopher Arena MD is an Orthopaedic Surgeon affiliated with the Penn State Bone & Joint Institute. Dr. Arena reviewed Achilles Tendon Disorders.
Joseph Bernstein, MD, FACS is Clinical Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania.
Jean Brilhault MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at Faculté de Médecine de Tours, Université F. Rabelais. Dr. Brilhault reviewed Achilles Tendon Rupture.
Michael Castro DO is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at Summit Orthopedics. Dr. Castro reviewed Ankle Sprains.
Daniel Cuttica MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at The Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Center Dr. Cuttica reviewed Diabetic Foot Disorders.
Gwyneth deVries MD FRCSC is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at the Horizon Health Network, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. She is an assistant professor at Dalhousie University. Dr. deVries reviewed Metatarsal Fractures.
Christopher DiGiovanni MD is an Associate Professor and Vice Chairman (Academic Affairs) at Harvard Medical School and Chief of Foot and Ankle Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital & Newton Wellesley Hospital. Dr. DiGiovanni reviewed Morton’s Neuroma.
John Early MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at Texas Orthopaedic Associates. Dr. Early reviewed Plantar Fasciitis.
Daniel Farber MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon and Clinical Assistant Professor at Penn Medicine Orthopedics. Dr. Farber reviewed Stress Fractures of the foot.
Daniel Guss MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Guss reviewed Stress Fractures of the foot.
Kamran Hamid MD is an Assistant Professor at Rush University Medical Center. Dr. Hamid reviewed Tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Kenneth Hunt MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon and Associate Professor of Orthopedics and Chief of Foot & Ankle at University of Colorado School of Medicine. Dr. Hunt reviewed Tendinitis of the foot and ankle (non-Achilles).
Paul Juliano MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon, Professor, Vice Chairman, Residency Director at Penn States Hershey Bone and Joint Institute. Dr. Juliano reviewed Achilles Tendon Disorders.
Robert Leland MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at BoulderCentre for Orthopedics. Dr. Leland reviewed Ankle Fractures.
David Oji MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon and Clinical Assistant Professor at Stanford University School of Medicine. Dr. Oji reviewed Diabetic Foot Disorders.
Mark Perry MD is a Foot and Ankle Specialist at the University of South Alabama Department of Orthopaedics. Dr. Perry reviewed Disorders of the great toe.
Ariel Palanca MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon and Clinical Assistant Professor at Stanford University of Medicine. Dr. Palanca reviewed Disorders of the lesser toes.
Vinod Panchbhavi MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon, Professor, and Chief of Foot and Ankle Services at University of Texas. Dr. Panchbhavi reviewed Clubfoot.
Stephen Pinney MD MEd FRCS(C) is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon and Clinical Lead for the Orthopaedic Service Line at St. Mary’s Medical Center in San Francisco CA. He is also Editor in Chief of FootEducation.com. Dr. Pinney reviewed Anatomy, Biomechanics, Arthrosis of the ankle and hindfoot, and Hindfoot fractures.
Lance Silverman MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at Silverman Ankle & Foot. Dr. Silverman reviewed Metatarsal Fractures.
David Townshend MBBS FRCS is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon and Trauma Consultant at Northumbria NHS Healthcare Trust. Dr. Townshend reviewed Plantar Fasciitis.
Anthony Van Bergeyk MD is a Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeon at Rainier Orthopedic Institute. Dr. Van Bergeyk reviewed Rheumatoid disorders of the foot and ankle.
A NECESSARY DISCLAIMER
Peer-review notwithstanding, this being 21st century America, we must include the following Disclaimer, similar to those found in works produced by well known authors and organizations.
This material was prepared for educational purposes only. We therefore disclaim any and all liability for any damages resulting to any individual which may arise out of the use of the material presented here. We similarly disclaim responsibility for any errors or omissions or for results obtained from the use of information contained here.
This material is not intended to represent the only, nor necessarily best, method or procedure appropriate for the medical situations discussed, but rather is intended to present an approach which may be helpful to others who face similar situations. We cannot can take any responsibility for the consequences following the application of any of the information presented here.
The information provided here cannot substitute for the advice of a medical professional. Even if a given statement is completely true in the abstract, it may not apply to a given patient.
The information we offer is provided “as is” and without warranty of any kind.