Series Introduction (Foot & Ankle)

Orthopaedia is produced by The Codman Group (a 503C IRS-approved public charity) in collaboration with the United States Bone and Joint Initiative and the Community of Musculoskeletal Educators. Orthopaedia aims to serve as a free, up-to-date, peer-reviewed open educational resource for students and practitioners, thereby improving the welfare of patients.

This Foot & Ankle book was produced from material posted by members of the community on a wiki residing at and from content contained in the website . The content has been edited, peer-reviewed, and then collected into the book you are now reading. We encourage users to visit and improve the content there. The updated wiki pages will be the basis for all subsequent editions – after peer-review, of course.

Please visit to join the community and help with this work.

Dan Jacob
President, The Codman Group

Joseph Bernstein, MD, FACS

Christian Veillette, MD, FRCS(C)
Musculoskeletal Medicine Series Editors

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