Series Introduction (Fractures)

Orthopaedia is produced by The Codman Group (a 503C IRS-approved public charity) in collaboration with the United States Bone and Joint Initiative and the Community of Musculoskeletal Educators. Orthopaedia aims to serve as a free, up-to-date, peer-reviewed open educational resource for students and practitioners, thereby improving the welfare of patients.

Please visit for the most current version of this text. At the website, you will also find its sister publications covering Hand and Foot & Ankle disorders, Pediatrics, Sports Medicine, and others as they become available.

Dan Jacob
President, The Codman Group

Joseph Bernstein, MD, FACS
Stephen J. Pinney, MD, MEd, FRCS(C)
Christian Veillette, MD, FRCS(C)
Orthopaedia Series Editors

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